What Are The 10 Most Common Brain Diseases?

Broadly speaking, brain disease refers to the alteration of brain structure that deters normal bodily functions leading to several disorders. Such disorders require professional consultation and medical treatment from the best neurologist doctor in India. Read on to know some of the most commonly encountered brain diseases.

Neurodegenerative Diseases

Certain diseases tend to deteriorate the brain tissue and the nervous system with time. Hence, these neurodegenerative diseases can affect you, causing personality disorders. Common neurodegenerative diseases include:

  • Alzheimer’s
  • Huntington’s Disease
  • Parkinson’s Disorder
  • Dementia and similar forms


  • Loss of memory
  • Drastic mood change
  • Anxiety
  • Agitation

As time progresses, neurodegenerative diseases become worse, causing permanent damages. Clinical solutions involve the use of medications to control severe conditions.

Mental Diseases

Mental diseases primarily affect behavioural patterns and constitute several conditions. The most commonly diagnosed mental diseases include:

  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
  • Bipolar Disorders

According to the doctor’s choice of method, one must Brain Tumor Treatment that work the best per an individual’s response.

Brain Injuries

Trauma often induces several brain-altering injuries. As a result, the nervous system, along with the brain tissues, are damaged. The damage acts as a hindrance restricting communications perceived by the brain. Some brain injuries are:

  • Blood Clots
  • Strokes
  • Concussion
  • Hematoma


  • Nausea
  • Difficulty with speech
  • Paralysis
  • Numbness

With time, one may also experience high blood pressure, irregular breathing, and low heart rate. In addition, brain injuries require surgery and rehabilitation solutions like physical therapy, psychiatry, speech therapy, etc.

Brain Tumours

Brain tumours can be categorized as either benign or malignant. Tumors that originate mainly in the brain are primary brain tumors. The tumours which originate in other organs reach the brain through metastasis, known as secondary brain tumours. The formation of brain tumours is considered to be highly dangerous.


  • Headaches
  • Numbness in arms and legs
  • Changes in sensory vision, personality, hearing
  • Seizures

Brain tumours are commonly treated through surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, etc. You must consult with the best neurologist doctor in India,  from reputed hospitals like Max Healthcare. They have eminent doctors in the neurological department.


The condition which involves uncontrolled bleeding around and within the brain space and tissue is commonly referred to as Brain Haemorrhage. Brain space bleeding is known as subarachnoid haemorrhage and brain tissue bleeding intracerebral haemorrhage.


  • Loss of balance and coordination
  • Headache
  • Vomiting
  • Memory loss

The severity of internal brain tissue bleeding can lead to pressure buildup over time.


The condition where the brain and spinal cord lining swells up due to severe bacterial or viral infections is known as Meningitis.


  • Headache
  • Fever
  • Neck stiffness
  • Loss of concentration

Meningitis often accompanies Encephalitis, causing meningoencephalitis. The protective membrane is inflamed in both cases, which can be life-threatening and requires urgent medical treatments.


The obstruction of the normal blood and oxygen flow to several parts of the brain tissue causes that area of the tissue to degenerate. Thus, that specific damaged tissue interrupts the functioning of the particular body part with which it is related.


  • Trouble with movement
  • Paralysis
  • Numbness in arms and legs
  • Deterred Sensation

Early treatment can minimize brain damage and limit complex situations. In addition, if diagnosed earlier, it can lessen the chances of additional attacks and strokes.

Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis affects the central nervous system, which involves the brain, nerve, and nervous system.


  • Blurred vision
  • Numbness
  • Problem with movement
  • Paralysis

Imaging and MRI scans, spinal fluid analysis, stimulation response tests can reveal the deciding parameter required by an individual to undergo medical treatments for multiple sclerosis.


Epilepsy is generally known to target the central nervous system. That’s why it leads to abnormal brain activities, abrupt behavioural patterns, and strange sensations. Both males and females can develop Epilepsy.


  • Confusion and concentration loss
  • Loss of awareness
  • Uncontrolled body movements
  • Fear and anxiety

The symptoms of Epilepsy usually depend on the type of seizure, whether it is focal or generalized. Therefore, the diagnosis proceeds upon precise determination. Proper testing and examination distinguish Epilepsy from any other neurological disorders.

 Alzheimer’s Disease

Alzheimer’s disease causes the brain cells to die and alternatively results in brain shrinkage. Therefore, it leads to the decline of thinking ability, independent functionality of behaviour and skills. It is the common cause associated with dementia.


  • Difficulty in remembering
  • Disrupted thinking skills
  • Isolation from social activities
  • Delusion

If you are worried about your thinking and memory ability, consultation with the doctors is the best possible choice. 


The brain represents the body’s control centre. It is a crucial part of the central nervous system that helps regulate several voluntary and involuntary activities. Thus, it is vital to keep a check and follow routine screenings to help detect any severe condition at an early stage.

You can book an appointment with the best neurologist doctor in India, especially from leading hospitals like Max Hospitals. They have an expert medical fraternity and offer quality treatment and care to each patient.

Related posts

Leave a Comment